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In this article we will deal with all the documentation that is necessary to buy a house in Spain. Whether the purchasers or vendors are Spanish or foreigners.

Buying a property is one of the most important decisions in our lives and because it is not one we have to make habitually doubt can arise trying to understand what we have to do.

01 To buy a property in Spain foreigners must have the following documents:

    • N.I.E: Foreigners Identification Number (Número de identificación de extranjeros.) This is one of the things which is indispensable when buying a property in Spain. For this you will have to go to the Police Commissiariat with your original passport and a copy and the original and two copies of the application form . You must also have a form with which you pay the small fee in any local bank. These can be downloaded from the internet. In Competa Properties S.L we will be happy to help you with this.

    • Passport: Certifies your identity and nationality.

    • It is not obligatory to open a Spanish bank account but it is very much recommended it will facilitate payment of utility bills and taxes ( for this you only need your DNI or NIE, your address , profession, email , telephone and the three last wage slips or the last tax declaration. We can accompany you to one of the banks if you wish.

      And if the buyer is Spanish only their DNI is necessary.

02 The minimum documentation necessary for a standard sales contract:

    • The deed of sale: Is the original document that certifies the acquisition of the property by the vendors.

    • Registry document: You can obtain the registry document in person in the Property Registry Office in the area in which the property is registered o apply on-line . In this document appears a description of the property , superficial metres, exact location , boundaries of the property,year of construction and details of the owner, etc.

    • Last rates bill receipt: Rates bill. Payable annually.

    • Last electricity and water bill: It is advisable to ensure that the vendor is up to date with payment such as electricity, water, gas, etc. to do so he must bring the documents that provide proof.

    • Energy efficiency certificate: This document provides objective information about the energy characteristics of the property.

    • Catastro: Having the catastal reference we can look on the internet where the property is located , the constructed area, the use, the representation graphical ,and the catastral value.

      This data must coincide with that which appears on the property.

    • DAFO: This is a certificate that clarifies the situation of the property and that there are no problems relating to the house or its location.

    • Certificate of community fees : If it is a terraced house or in an enclosed area such as an urbanisation or is an apartment and has community fees, it will also be necessary to credit the annual cost and have a certificate from the community that proves the payments are up to date.

03 According to the LAU ( urban law) the owner is required to have the following documentation when selling his property:

A If the owner is Spanish and the purchaser is Spanish.

The owner will have to provide all the documentaion of the house, that is to say, the title deed, the registry document, the last utility bills, the energy efficiency document, the last rates bill and in the case the property is on rustic land the DAFO, as well as their Identification certificate.

B Spanish Owner and Foreign purchaer.

The owner will have to provide all the documentation of the house, that is to say, the title deed, the registry document, the last utility bills, the energy efficiency document, the last rates bill and in the case the property is on rustic land the DAFO, as well as their Identification certificate.

If the purchaser is foreign they have to provide their NIE , passport and it is recommended to have a Spanish bank account.

C Foreign owner and Foreign purchaser.

The owner will have to provide all the documentation of the house, that is to say, the title deed, the registry document, the last utility bills, the energy efficiency document, the last rates bill and in the case the property is on rustic land the DAFO, as well as their NIE and passport. If they are tax resident in Spain they will also have to provide the corresponding certificate.

The purchaser only has to have NIE , passport. and it is recommended they have a Spanish bank account.

D Foreign Owner and Spanish Purchaser.

The owner will have to provide all the documentation of the house, that is to say, the title deed, the registry document, the last utility bills, the energy efficiency document, the last rates bill and in the case the property is on rustic land the DAFO, as well as their NIE and passport. If they are tax resident in Spain they will also have to provide the corresponding certificate.

The purchaser only has to have his identity document.

As you can see there is nothing to worry about, it does not take too much paperwork to buy a house in Spain. If you purchase through a reputable agency such as ourselves, the procedure is made even simpler.

https://competaproperties.com/en/blog/172-a-step-by-step-guide-to-buying-a-house-in-spain.html

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